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Rachel - insert text here Information for parents of children with attention deficit disorder, attention deficits

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PARENT'S CHECKLIST - Is it really ADD/ADHD? Or does your child have an undetected vision problem?
FREE REFERRALS - Specialists in learning-related visual problems
VISION THERAPY - Physical therapy for the eyes and brain
DOCTOR DIRECTORY - Free, immidiate referrals with interactive forms
SPECIAL NEEDS - Crossed-eyes, Lazy Eye, Developmental Delays, Dyslexia, Vision Impairments
VISION3D.COM - What is binocular vision? Learn how to see 3D and visit the 3D Gallery. Magic Eye stereograms, optical illusion and more
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Learning Disabilities and Vision References


Some Research Articles below are available for download as PDF Documents

  1. Ciuffreda, Kenneth J. The Scientific Basis for and Efficacy of Optometric Vision Therapy in Nonstrabismic Accommodative and Vergence Disorders. Optometry 2002; 73:735-62. Complete article - PDF version

  2. Cooper J, Burns C, Cotter S, et. al. Optometric Clinical Guideline: Care of the Patient With Accommodative or Vergence Dysfunction. American Optometry Association 1998. Complete article - PDF version

  3. Cooper, Jeffrey. Summary of Research on the Efficacy of Vision Therapy for Specific Visual Dysfunctions. Adapted from The Journal of Behavioral Optometry 1998; 9(5):115-119. Complete article - PDF version

  4. Farrar, R., Call, M., Maples, W.C., A comparison of the visual symptoms between ADD/ADHD and normal children. Optometry, 2001, pages 441-451.

  5. Granet D.B., Gomi C.F., Ventura R., Miller-Scholte A. The Relationship between Convergence Insufficiency and ADHD. Strabismus 2005 Dec;13(4):163-8.

  6. Joint Organizational Policy Statement of The American Academy of Optometry and the American Optometric Association. Vision Therapy: Information for Health Care and Other Allied Professionals. 1999. Complete article - PDF version

  7. Joint Organizational Policy Statement of the American Academy of Optometry and the American Optometric Association. Vision, Learning, and Dyslexia. 1997. Complete article - PDF version

  8. Kushner Burton J. The Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency. Archives of Ophthalmology 2005, 123:100-101. Complete article - PDF version

  9. Maples WC. Visual factors that significantly impact academic performance. Optometry 2003; 4:35-49. Complete article - PDF version

  10. Scheiman M, Mitchell GL, Cotter S, et al; the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial (CITT) Study Group. A randomized clinical trial of treatments for convergence insufficiency in children. Archives of Ophthalmology 2005; 123:14-24. Complete article - PDF version

  11. Zaba JN, Johnson RA, and Reynolds WT. Vision examinations for all children entering public school - the new Kentucky law. Optometry 2003; 74:149-58. Complete article - PDF version

For more references to scientific studies on vision therapy as it relates to convergence, binocular vision, focusing (accommodation), etc. go to Vision Therapy Scientific Studies, Research, and Support


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